What is the difference between reason and revelation in Islamic thought?
One of the singular distinctions of Islam is the balance maintained between ‘aql and naql, that is, between human rational thought and revealed scripture.
Certain people admit the intellect alone to be the source of knowledge, whether in the realm of the manifest or the hidden. Others hold transmitted or revealed knowledge alone to be the font of all truths. Others yet take a position between these two, granting each of them an authoritative status. Given that we will expound on these relationships at length, it behooves us to first note some terms and delimit their scope.